Philosophy and Theology

Majid Fakhry

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Philosophy and Theology

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This chapter traces the development of Islamic philosophy and theology. Philosophy, which found its way into the Muslim world as early as the 8th century, was in constant interaction with theology. Although as early as the first decade of the 8th century, theology (kalam) grew out of moral and political disputes closely linked to the interpretation of the Quran and the hadith in Damascus and Basra in its more sophisticated form, theology in the Muslim world was dependent to a large extent on Greek philosophy. By the beginning of the 9th century, a vast number of Greek and Syriac philosophical texts had become available to scholars in Baghdad and elsewhere.

Keywords: Islamic theology; Islamic philosophy; Greek philosophy

Chapter.  14275 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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