Chapter

Central Asia and China

Dru C. Gladney

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Central Asia and China

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This chapter examines current Sino-Central Asian relations in light of the long history of exchanges across the Eurasian continent through the rise of the southern and northern Silk Roads. Three aspects of the Sino-Central Asian historical and contemporary relations endure until this day: transnationalization (both because of the rise of the Silk Road and unification under the Mongols), Islamization (leading to social and economic transformations affecting both Chinese and Central Asian sides of the region), and the ethnicization of local identities (because of imperial, Soviet, and Chinese socialist policies). These issues pervade Chinas historical and contemporary relationship with Central Asia and go beyond traditional analyses of the region, which have been primarily concerned with trade and state-to-state relations, generally taking for granted the identities of the people concerned and the ability of the economic development model to integrate them.

Keywords: China; transnationalization; Islamization; ethnicization; Central Asia; Silk Road

Chapter.  16328 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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