Chapter

Islam in Africa to 1800

Nehemia Levtzion

in The Oxford History of Islam

Published in print December 1999 | ISBN: 9780195107999
Published online November 2007 |
 						 Islam in Africa to 1800

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Islam moved into Africa from three directions. It came from North Africa across the Sahara to Bilad al-Sudan (The Lands of the Black People); it expanded from Egypt southward, up the Nile valley, and west to Darfur and Wadai; it also moved from the Arabian peninsula across the Red Sea to the Horn of Africa, and from there further south to the coast of East Africa. This chapter analyzes the diverse patterns of the Islamization of Africa, and the variety of religious experiences encountered by African Muslims until the beginning of the 19th century. During the 18th century, several factors contributed to the change from accommodation with local cultures to Islamic militancy, which brought about the jihad movements of the 19th century.

Keywords: Islam; Africa; Muslims; Islamization

Chapter.  11867 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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