The Sixties and After

Samuel A. Floyd

in The Power of Black Music

Published in print January 1997 | ISBN: 9780195109757
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199853243 | DOI:
                   The Sixties and After

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The 1960s was a period of success and failure, of courage and fear, of discipline and disorder. It embraced the 1963 March on Washington and in 1964 saw passed the Civil Rights Act, which outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment. It was a time that saw the assassinations of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.—ironically coinciding with the signing, on April 11, of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which was meant to end discrimination. It was a historic decade in the fight for equal rights for all Americans. The use of ring tropes by African American composers are present in some form or fashion in the works of most African American composers, albeit sometimes disguised by method and technique, or even unintentionally employed.

Keywords: Civil Rights; African American music; discrimination

Chapter.  13295 words. 

Subjects: American Music

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