Chapter

Explicit and Implicit Memories

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780195110371
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865680 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0003
 Explicit and Implicit Memories

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This chapter continues the theoretical discussion by focusing on the role of explicit and implicit (or conscious and nonconscious) memory in creating meaning. It reviews explanations of how the mind creates consciousness, addressing levels of consciousness, the relationship between consciousness and a sense of self, and the role of attention in extending consciousness. It gives particular attention to the kinds of information that are most likely to gain attention and access to consciousness and to the role of personal goals (or motives) in directing inner-focused attention. The chapter goes on to explore cognitive notions of nonconscious knowledge, including perspectives on automaticity and control, mindfulness and mindlessness, and motivated forgetting. Links between theoretical explanations and practice are carefully drawn and illustrated with numerous case examples.

Keywords: implicit memory; explicit memory; consciousness; levels of consciousness; attention; nonconscious processes; automaticity and control; mindfulness and mindlessness; goals; motivations

Chapter.  12092 words. 

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