Chapter

Social Sources of Information

Sharon B. Berlin

in Clinical Social Work Practice

Published in print February 2002 | ISBN: 9780195110371
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865680 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110371.003.0005
 Social Sources of Information

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In this chapter, the focus shifts from explaining the role of the memory system in creating meaning and meaning change to explaining the contributions of the physical and social environments to personal meanings. It considers the role of culture, social structures and institutions, and family life in shaping memories of the self, others, and the larger world. Current information from environmental sources may variously signal that things are just as they always have been or that things are now different from what one had thought or felt. The chapter also explores how chronic threats and deprivations narrow attention and interfere with optimal learning and problem solving. In addition, it considers the influence of early child-caregiver interactions on self-schema development and how lingering effects of problematic interactions might be buffered as a function of subsequent different experiences. Throughout the chapter, steps that practitioners might take to create and highlight environmental discrepancies (opportunities) are highlighted.

Keywords: culture; social structures; social institutions; family; caregivers; early childhood; threat and deprivation; narrowing attention; resilience; creating discrepancies

Chapter.  20592 words.  Illustrated.

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