Chapter

Autonomy and Its Discontents: The Austrian Jewish Congress Movement, 1917–1918

Ezra Mendelsohn

in Studies in Contemporary Jewry: XII: Literary Strategies: Jewish Texts and Contexts

Published in print April 1997 | ISBN: 9780195112030
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854608 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112030.003.0009

Series: Studies in Contemporary Jewry

Autonomy and Its Discontents: The Austrian Jewish Congress Movement, 1917–1918

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This chapter focuses on the discussion of the efforts of Austrian Jewry, during the First World War, to form a united front—initially by establishing a central representative body and subsequently convening a Congress. These were the primary Jewish political responses to the new situation brought about by the war; on the one hand, to the uncertainties about Jewish status should the monarchy undergo structural reform and, on the other, to an increasingly threatening antisemitism. Underlying the seemingly interminable squabbles over the program of the Congress were important and related issues: the nature and definition of Jewish political interests and the contours of Jewish autonomy in a restructured monarchy.

Keywords: Austrian Jewry; First World War; Congress; Jewish political responses; monarchy; antisemitism; Jewish autonomy

Chapter.  13547 words. 

Subjects: History of Religion

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