Chapter

Do Sex-Related Cognitive Differences Exist, and Why do People Seek them Out?

Paula J. Caplan and Jeremy B. Caplan

in Gender Differences in Human Cognition

Published in print January 1997 | ISBN: 9780195112917
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199846900 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195112917.003.0003

Series: Counterpoints: Cognition, Memory, and Language

Do Sex-Related Cognitive Differences Exist, and Why do People Seek them Out?

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This chapter discusses the serious concerns about the motives behind the whole project of seeking to find gender differences in cognition. The various scenarios of what can happen in the relatively rare case when research on sex differences is carefully designed and executed are considered. The principles and problems in research on sex differences are also reported. Basic questions on the mathematical, spatial, and verbal abilities in relation to sex differences are presented. It is hoped that the findings will highlight the truly shoddy nature of the research that has been used to justify keeping women out of powerful, influential, and often well-paid positions on the grounds that they lack the intellectual capacity to carry out the duties that these positions require is shown.

Keywords: sex differences; intellectual capacity; mathematical ability; spatial ability; verbal ability

Chapter.  13041 words. 

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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