Three Cycles of Hostility

Ofra Bengio

in Saddam's Word

Published in print April 1998 | ISBN: 9780195114393
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854523 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Middle Eastern History

Three Cycles of Hostility

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In this chapter the central task of national education, which was to describe the country's traditional enemies and to teach children hatred and imperialism, is discussed. The chapter looks at the period where imperialism entered the Arab discourse and three types of imperialism discerned from the idioms of the Baʿths. The chapter looks at reasons for the adaptation of words from the Soviet language of opposition to US imperialism. Israel is mentioned and described as a monstrous entity. Pejorative words and terms are enumerated. Iran is introduced as the triangle's third side of Iraq's enemies and is seen to be always ready to attack. Iran's hostility towards Iraq is also discussed.

Keywords: enemies; imperialism; idioms; language; Iran; Baʿths; hostility

Chapter.  9908 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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