Chapter

Comparing Employment Systems

Clair Brown, Yoshifumi Nakata, Michael Reich and Lloyd Ulman

in Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

Published in print January 1998 | ISBN: 9780195115215
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854820 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0001
Comparing Employment Systems

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This chapter provides a brief comparison of the employment systems of Japan and the U.S. Three remarkable and apparent paradoxical contrasts between Japan and the U.S. are outlined. In addition, the author supplements data sources and provides a framework for analyzing systems. Two types of data are presented: firm-based data and national-level data. The concept of the SET system (for security, employee involvement, and training) and the JAM system (for job classification, adversarial relations, and minimal training) are also introduced. Further, how the U.S. firms have accommodated elements of Japanese employment practices to the preferences of U.S. management and workers for greater freedom of choice and mobility is discussed. The latter part of the chapter provides a brief overview of the layout of the book.

Keywords: employment systems; Japan; U.S.; firm-based data; national-level data; SET system; JAM system; U.S. firms; employment practices

Chapter.  7266 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Business

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