Chapter

Security

Clair Brown, Yoshifumi Nakata, Michael Reich and Lloyd Ulman

in Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

Published in print January 1998 | ISBN: 9780195115215
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854820 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0002
Security

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The role of security in the employment systems of Japan and the U.S. is evaluated in this chapter. In particular, the benefits and costs associated with two types of security—employment security and income security—are first analyzed before it examines how a firm's optimal security structure is shaped by macroeconomic and institutional constraints. It considers the relationships among employment security, specific labor market institutions, and the publicly provided income-insurance systems in the U.S. and Japan. This chapter argues that lifetime employment requires mutual risk sharing on the part of employers and employees. Furthermore, the security systems offered by Japanese and U.S. employers are shown to be consistent with their respective institutional environments. Finally, how the Japanese security system performed during the recession of the early 1990s is also explored.

Keywords: security; Japan; U.S.; employment security; income security; optimal security; institutional constraints; income insurance

Chapter.  20268 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Business

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