Chapter

Accountability, Parliament, and <i>Ijtihad</i>

S. M. Zafar

in Liberal Islam

Published in print October 1998 | ISBN: 9780195116212
Published online November 2007 |
  Accountability, Parliament, and Ijtihad

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Pakistan was created in 1947 as a Muslim homeland for South Asians, but its founders disagreed whether the new nation should be organized democratically or theocratically, with secular government or Islamic government, Western civil laws or Islamic sharia law. 1 The debate over these issues was initially settled in favor of the secularists, but the succeeding decades did not dampen the controversy. By 1980, when the following selection was published, the secularist position was largely out of favor, and the military regime was set to impose sharia lawhence the importance of this work by S. M. Zafar (Pakistan, born 1930). As secretary-general of the defunct Muslim League (Pagara Group), Zafar enjoyed Islamic credentials; as a lawyer and head of the Pakistan Human Rights Organization, Zafar was keenly interested in ensuring the rule of civil law. Zafar argues in this excerpt that an elected parliament is both grounded in Islamic precedent and necessary for holding the government accountable in the modern world. 2

Chapter.  3996 words. 

Subjects: Society and Culture ; Islam

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