Chapter

The White Community: Patterns of Settlement, Development, and Conflict

Brenda E. Stevenson

in Life in Black and White

Published in print November 1997 | ISBN: 9780195118032
Published online September 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199853793 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195118032.003.0002
The White Community: Patterns of Settlement, Development, and Conflict

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The chapter opens with a history of Loudoun's white community, from the challenges faced by its early European settlers versus the native Indian community to the complicated territorial maneuverings between the English landowners and the local settlers. The best land came under the control of a privileged few, which set the foundation for the town's social and economic system. Land speculation in the early days allowed for the emergence and increased influence of a non-white community comprised mainly of Quakers and Germans. These cultural and political differences paved the way for the county's eventual division in the 19th century. Next presented is the evolution of Loudoun's standards of living from the crude log cabins and homesteads of the early years, up to the lavish manors that the landed gentry built during the town's affluent era. Finally, an account of Loudoun's economic and social development is provided.

Keywords: Loudoun; white community; Indian; Quakers; Germans; landed gentry; land speculation; English

Chapter.  12331 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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