Chapter

In the American Era

Michael Doran

in Pan-Arabism Before Nasser

Published in print April 1999 | ISBN: 9780195123616
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854530 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195123616.003.0003

Series: Studies in Middle Eastern History

In the American Era

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This chapter follows Ismail Sidqi's successor, Mahmud Fahmi al-Nuqrashi, as he attempted to enlist the support of the United States in an effort to break Britain's grip on Egypt. The al-Nuqrashi government, hoping to capitalize on the tensions created by the Cold War, placed the question of Anglo-Egyptian relations before the United Nations, demanding the abrogation of the existing treaty of alliance. The Egyptian appeal to the Security Council was in essence a call for help from the United States government. Considerable support for the Egyptian position did exist in Washington, where many officials feared that the Anglo-Egyptian conflict would redound to the detriment of the West in its struggle against the Soviet Union. Nonetheless, the Americans regarded the continuation of the Anglo-Egyptian military alliance as necessary for the defense of the Middle East. Consequently, they took a line in the Security Council that in effect killed the Egyptian appeal.

Keywords: UN Security Council; United States; Cold War; Britain; Soviet Union; United Nations; treaty; conflict; military alliance; Middle East

Chapter.  11217 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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