Chapter

Neurophysiological Explanations

Phillip H. Wiebe

in Visions of Jesus

Published in print October 1998 | ISBN: 9780195126693
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199853366 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195126693.003.0008
Neurophysiological Explanations

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This chapter considers explanations coming from neurophysiology. These are among the most important, culturally speaking, given the widespread suspicion among philosophers and neural scientists about the value of the conceptual resources of mentalism. Topics covered include hallucination, the perceptual release theory, the information processing theory, and the overactive reticular system theory. It is argued that neurophysiology holds out some promise for explaining a number of apparition experiences. It appears to be a strong contender for experiences falling into the first three groups identified in Chapter 2, apart from those cases in which percipients could look away from and back to the apparition figure. It also appears to be capable of handling cases falling into Group V.

Keywords: mentalism; hallucination; apparitions; neurophysiology; perceptual release theory; information processing theory; overactive reticular system theory

Chapter.  7911 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Religion

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