Chapter

Regulations for Radionuclides in the Environment

David C. Kocher

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print July 2008 | ISBN: 9780195127270
Published online September 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780199869121 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0015
 						Regulations for Radionuclides in the Environment

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This chapter discusses laws, regulations, and guidance for controlling exposures of the public to radionuclides in the environment. Topics discussed include the principal laws in the United States that provide the authority for regulation of various sources or practices, regulations, and other guidance to control routine and accidental exposures to radionuclides in the environment that have been developed by federal agencies and the states, and recommendations on radiation protection of the public by national and international advisory groups. Discussions in this chapter emphasize similarities and differences in approaches to regulating exposures of the public to radionuclides and hazardous chemicals, limits on lifetime cancer risk that are embodied in laws and regulations for radionuclides, and the primary importance of the principle that exposures should be maintained as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) in determining risks to the public from exposure to radionuclides and hazardous chemicals.

Keywords: guidance; environmental regulations; environmental laws; radionuclides; hazardous chemicals; limits on cancer risk; ALARA principle; radiation protection

Chapter.  35708 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Animal Pathology and Diseases

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