Chapter

Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship

INGRID MONSON

in Freedom Sounds

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780195128253
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199864492 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128253.003.0002
                   Jim Crow, Economics, and the Politics of Musicianship

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This chapter begins with a discussion of the segregation of the music business until the mid-1960s. It then looks at the development of a pro-integration discourse in the jazz world that mobilized the ideas of democracy, equality, and protest on its behalf; policies of the American Federation of Musicians (AFM); and desegregating the AFM. It presents the case of Nat King Cole, which illustrates the way that new standards of professional behavior for African American entertainers were articulated against the backdrop of the Brown decision and the Montgomery bus boycott.

Keywords: Jim Crow; jazz musicians; jazz music; segregation; pro-integration discourse; Nat King Cole; civil rights movement

Chapter.  14892 words. 

Subjects: American Music

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