Chapter

Evolutionary Explanation: Between Science and Values

Ullica Segerstråle

in Missing the Revolution

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195130027
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199893874 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0004
Evolutionary Explanation: Between Science and Values

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The sociobiology debate, which has often been interpreted as a political controversy between conservative hereditarians and progressive culturalists (or environmentalists), in fact represented a clash between two total scientific-cum-moral world views. What was at stake was the nature of science and the moral responsibility of the scientist, especially when it came to “telling the truth” about the biological foundation of human nature. It was fundamentally a debate about the nature of evolutionary explanation of human behavior and what ought to count as “acceptable knowledge” at a particular time.

Keywords: sociobiology; Edward O. Wilson; Richard Lewontin; Marxism; IQ; Stephen J. Gould

Chapter.  11444 words. 

Subjects: Psychology

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