Chapter

Behavioral Ecology and the Social Sciences

Lee Cronk

in Missing the Revolution

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195130027
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199893874 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130027.003.0006
Behavioral Ecology and the Social Sciences

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Evolutionary psychologists have made a strong case that the human mind is particularly adept at certain tasks, such as monitoring compliance with social rules, learning language, and selecting mates, which are likely to have been especially important in human evolution. Human behavioral ecology has shown that the tremendous variations in human behavior across societies largely reflect adaptive responses to variable environments, conceived of as including not only physical elements but also people's social, political, and economic situation and their history. More specifically, human behavioral ecology has shown that human behavior largely conforms to the predictions of models derived from evolutionary theory, particularly in areas crucial to an individual's inclusive fitness, such as food choice and acquisition, social behavior, mate choice and acquisition, parental behavior, and social behavior.

Keywords: behavioral ecology; vertical integration; Dogon; feminism; menstruation; inclusive fitness; Mukogodo; Kenya; Trivers–Willard hypothesis; status striving

Chapter.  8345 words. 

Subjects: Psychology

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