Kipling D. Williams and Lisa Zadro

in Interpersonal Rejection

Published in print September 2006 | ISBN: 9780195130157
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847761 | DOI:

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Originated from the Athenian practice, ostracism or the temporary exclusion by consensus and the act of ignoring is analyzed by Kip William and Lisa Zadro. Laboratory manipulations and real-life observations are the main data-gathering procedures of the study. Apart from the emphasis that ostracism may occur across all ages, the experimental efforts particularly set the foundations of numerous frameworks for the field. Even if there has been small amount of psychological literature about the phenomenon, enough studies have illustrated its short- and long-term consequences. Conformity and increased motivation for better performance comprise the short-term effects, while for long-term results, internalization of low levels of self-esteem and control, as well as suicide attempts, are evident. New models are devised in the attempt to capture the complexities of ostracism, which were not noted by early researches. These frameworks come with various data-gathering methods such as structured interviews, narratives, and contingency plans.

Keywords: ostracism; laboratory experiments; real-life observations; frameworks; data gathering

Chapter.  14457 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Psychology

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