Chapter

SLAKING OUR THIRST

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780195130348
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199790166 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0005
 SLAKING OUR THIRST

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This chapter discusses the cholera bacterium, Vibrio cholerae and its toxic viruses. The cholera bacterium causes disease and death when the infection results in a continual watery diarrhea that dehydrates the host. The diarrhea is the immediate consequence of a poisonous substance excreted by the bacterium, namely cholera toxin. However, the cholera bacterium does not carry this toxin by nature. The toxin is coded in the genes of a virus called the cholera toxin phage, or CTXphi.

Keywords: cholera; bacterium; Vibrio cholerae; diarrhea; CTXphi; bacteriophages; aquatic viruses

Chapter.  4288 words. 

Subjects: Microbiology

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