Concluding Remarks

James K. Hoffmeier

in Israel in Egypt

Published in print May 1999 | ISBN: 9780195130881
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199853403 | DOI:
Concluding Remarks

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This chapter shows the picture that emerges regarding Israel's national origins in Egypt as the Bible records them. It has been shown that in nearly all periods there were Asiatics living in Egypt, especially in the First and Second Intermediate Periods. As the Middle Kingdom was breaking up, or early in the Second Intermediate Period, appears to have been the most likely time when the family of Jacob emigrated to Egypt and Joseph served as a court official. After a century of domination of Egypt by the Hyksos, it seems that repressive measures were taken against the remaining Semites in Egypt. It has also been shown that the name “Moses” is at home in the New Kingdom. Finally, important geographical questions have been answered that demonstrate that a coherent and singular route is described in Exodus and Numbers for the departure from Egypt to Sinai, despite it not being possible to plot this on a map with absolute certainty.

Keywords: Israel; Egypt; Bible; First Intermediate Period; Second Intermediate Period; Middle Kingdom; Jacob; Hyksos; Semites; Moses

Chapter.  2134 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Studies

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