Chapter

In Public: Jews Are Turned into Pariahs, 1933–1938

Marion A. Kaplan

in Between Dignity and Despair

Published in print November 1999 | ISBN: 9780195130928
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854486 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130928.003.0002

Series: Studies in Jewish History

In Public: Jews Are Turned into Pariahs, 1933–1938

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The chapter explores the public life and experiences of Jews from 1933 to 1938. The Nazi government mobilized the considerable powers of the state to ostracize the Jews and lower their social, economic, and legal status within the state. Examples include the boycott of Jewish goods and businesses, the confiscation of their wealth, and the passing of the Nuremberg Laws. The chapter opens with an account of the violent consolidation of the German state under the newly-elected Nazi regime, which did not single out the Jews initially and focused on obliterating the communist threat in general. Through the use of propaganda and the redefinition of racial status as Aryan, the Jews increasingly felt the ostracism in their daily lives which affected their sources of food, shelter, and entertainment and forever damaged their relationships with other Germans. The unevenness in German responses also sowed confusion and ambivalence among the Jews.

Keywords: Jews; Nazi government; boycott; Nuremberg Laws; ostracism; racial status; propaganda

Chapter.  14113 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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