The Daily Lives of Jewish Children and Youth in the “Third Reich”

Marion A. Kaplan

in Between Dignity and Despair

Published in print November 1999 | ISBN: 9780195130928
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854486 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Jewish History

The Daily Lives of Jewish Children and Youth in the “Third Reich”

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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The chapter describes the lives of Jewish children and youth under the Nazi regime. The opening section relates the lives of Jewish students in Aryan schools and reveals that even before the laws on formal expulsion, these children already felt ostracism in their day-to-day dealings with Aryan teachers and classmates. The degree of oppression was affected by the location of the school and the political attitudes of the teacher. Even half-Jewish children from mixed marriages suffered discrimination. Based on actual accounts by students and parents, the author describes how these children and their parents coped with such incidents. As a consequence, Jewish schools faced a rapid rise in the number of students and were tasked with providing explanations and promoting caution among the youth. The lives of Jewish teens under the regime are also discussed while the last section relates that some parents were forced to send their children abroad.

Keywords: Nazi regime; Jewish children; expulsion; Jewish students; Aryan teachers; half-Jewish children; ostracism

Chapter.  10726 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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