The November Pogrom and Its Aftermath

Marion A. Kaplan

in Between Dignity and Despair

Published in print November 1999 | ISBN: 9780195130928
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199854486 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Jewish History

The November Pogrom and Its Aftermath

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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The chapter discusses the implementation of the pogrom by the Nazis and the destruction it brought upon the Jews. In early 1938, the Nazi government intensified its campaign of discrimination against the Jews through the enactment of several laws that essentially stripped them of any social, economic, or political rights. The series of events leading up to the violent pogrom of November 1938 are related, beginning with the expulsion of “foreign” Jews — including Soviet and Polish Jews — until the fateful shooting of a German diplomat by one Herschel Grynszpan. Instances of brutality and violence towards all Jews, regardless of age or sex, are recounted. A section is also devoted to the reactions of the Germans, which seemed to be contradictory due to stories of random acts of kindness amidst the violence and persecution. The actions and reactions of Jewish women are also presented, along with the obstacles to emigration.

Keywords: Jewish women; Nazi government; Jews; Herschel Grynszpan; emigration; pogrom; Polish Jews

Chapter.  10722 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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