Chapter

<i>Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment</i>

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195131215
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199863808 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0002

Series: Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery with Vulnerable Populations

 Conceptual, Historical, and Ideological Underpinnings of Supported Employment

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Supported employment was developed during the advent of the consumer and family movements and more positive treatment approaches. The consumer movement pushed for a stronger voice in shaping service delivery and taking responsibility for directing one’s own life. Psychiatric rehabilitation promoted skills development directed toward independent community living and supports provided as needed. Choice was a fundamental component of recovery. Forerunners, Wehman and Moon, described the place-train approach as the foundation to supported employment. The Rehabilitation Act Amendment of 1986 codified supported employment into law. IPS standardizes supported employment for people with severe mental illness by combining information on services and outcomes from research studies.

Keywords: recovery; consumer movement; strengths model; psychiatric rehabilitation; shared decision making; place-train; collaborative empiricism

Chapter.  5145 words. 

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