<i>Theoretical Underpinnings of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) </i>

Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

in A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195131215
Published online January 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199863808 | DOI:

Series: Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery with Vulnerable Populations

 Theoretical Underpinnings of Individual Placement and Support (IPS)

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This chapter describes some of the theoretical notions that led to the foundation of the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) approach to supported employment. Psychiatric rehabilitation theory indicates that individual functioning is enhanced by supportive environments and skill development. The theory of recovery is that people can move beyond illness and have meaningful life activities such as work. Disability is not an inherent part of illness but a secondary problem resulting from ways society marginalizes people (e.g., stigma, segregation). Furthermore, community mental health treatments and policies have resulted in experiences that lead to disempowerment and deflating learning experiences. For example, people steered to work in sheltered workshops come to believe that they can only work in that setting. Theories that have not been tested may lead to false information. For example, the notion that parallel services are more effective than integrated services was tested and found to be false. While there are many theories in psychology and rehabilitation, IPS supported employment is based not only on theory but also on empirical outcome studies.

Keywords: psychiatric rehabilitation; recovery; disability; theory; empiricism; IPS; false information

Chapter.  1507 words. 

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