Chapter

Cognitive Functioning in Depression

Nelson Roy and William D. Voss

in Anxiety, Depression, and Emotion

Published in print August 2000 | ISBN: 9780195133585
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199847310 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133585.003.0008

Series: Series in Affective Science

Cognitive Functioning in Depression

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This chapter summarizes the ideas put forth regarding cognitive functioning in depression in the previous chapter and provides unifying insights on the subject matter. The first part of the commentary reviews the main hypotheses and limitations in methodology of the theories of depression posited by Beck, Bower, and Teasdale. These limitations have been addressed by Ian Gotlib and his colleagues through the use of experimental tasks—Stroop color-naming, depth of processing, self-referent encoding, and dichotic listening—derived from cognitive psychology. Gotlib's research on depression focused on the nature of cognitive bias and the temporal stability of biases in attention, memory, and judgment. The commentary identifies several issues raised in Gotlib's research which include remission in cognitive biases upon symptom resolution and cognitive functioning differences related to etiologic heterogeneity, comorbidity, and severity. The latter sections explore Gotlib's ideas on recovery from depression and on future research on the topic.

Keywords: cognitive functioning; Beck; Bower; Teasdale; depression; Ian Gotlib; Stroop color-naming; depth of processing; self-referent encoding; dichotic listening

Chapter.  3533 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Psychology

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