Chapter

The Frontal Cortex and Working with Memory

Morris Moscovitch and Gordon Winocur

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195134971
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864157 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0012
The Frontal Cortex and Working with Memory

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This chapter focuses on studies from animal and human-based research that reflect a general approach and provide converging evidence in support of the working-with-memory (WWM) model. It suggests that as WWM structures, regions of the frontal cortex (FC) operate strategically on information delivered to the medial-temporal/diencephalic system and recovered from it, thereby conferring “intelligence” to what essentially is a “stupid” medial temporal lobe/diencephalic system. The FC is needed to implement encoding and retrieval strategies. The latter includes initiating and directing search in accordance with the demands of the task, monitoring and verifying recovered memories, and placing them in the proper temporal-spatial context.

Keywords: memory; animal studies; prefrontal cortex; working-with-memory model; frontal cortex

Chapter.  13692 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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