Chapter

Neurobehavioral Consequences of Neurosurgical Treatments and Focal Lesions of Frontal–Subcortical Circuits

Jean A. Saint-Cyr, Yuri L. Bronstein and Jeffrey L. Cummings

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print August 2002 | ISBN: 9780195134971
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864157 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0026
Neurobehavioral Consequences of Neurosurgical Treatments and Focal Lesions of Frontal–Subcortical Circuits

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This chapter describes the neuroanatomy and neurotransmitters of frontal-subcortical circuits and the clinical behavioral syndromes associated with the specific focal lesions within the circuits. It reviews the neuropsychological and behavioral consequences of posterior pallidotomy and of deep-brain stimulation in the pallidum and subthalamic nucleus in patients with Parkinson's disease. Thus, both “naturally occurring” and intentional lesions or interruption of the circuit are considered.

Keywords: neuroanatomy; neurotransmitters; Parkinson's disease; frontal subcortical circuits

Chapter.  12535 words. 

Subjects: Neuroscience

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