This chapter describes the ecological costs of over-logging, particularly the rapid clearing of the once-vast Dipterocarp lowland forests, and distinguishes between unregulated commercial logging and small-scale illegal logging. It features two case studies that contributed to a rise in the Philippine environmental movement. In San Fernando, Bukidnon, Mindanao, in the 1980s, in response to growing ecological decline that followed large-scale commercial logging, the community held protests until the logging permits were suspended. The chapter also describes the background and aftermath of a devastating mudslide in Ormoc, Leyte, which has become a symbol of the unnatural disasters and destruction that deforestation can bring.
Keywords: deforestation; Dipterocarp; illegal logging; ecological refugees; Ormoc; Leyte; San Fernando; Mindanao; mudslide; Philippines
Chapter. 9670 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)
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