Chapter

 The Basic Idea: <i>Justice as Fairness</i>

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls

Published in print January 2007 | ISBN: 9780195136364
Published online May 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199867691 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0004
  The Basic Idea: Justice as Fairness

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The original position, which is Rawls's account of a hypothetical contract, is examined in how it plays an important role in a Rawlsian conception on justice. Through the original position, justice as fairness is achieved, which deems a social order as just insofar as it could be the object of fair agreement. The chapter explicates maximin aggregation — reflecting a concern for the worst-off — and Rawls's reasons for favoring it over a focus on average well-being. The chapter also introduces and discusses the justifiability of Rawls's account of primary goods, in particular, the lexical priority he assigns to the basic liberties over the remaining social primary good.

Keywords: original position; veil of ignorance; maximin; primary goods

Chapter.  9005 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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