Chapter

The End of Child Welfare: The Transformation of Child Welfare into Child Protective Services

Duncan Lindsey

in The Welfare of Children

Second edition

Published in print November 2003 | ISBN: 9780195136715
Published online April 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780199894079 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136715.003.0006
The End of Child Welfare: The Transformation of Child Welfare into Child Protective Services

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This chapter explores the transformation of the public child welfare system into a child protection system. In 1962, in the Journal of the American Medical Association C. Henry Kempe and his colleagues reported on hundreds of children under three years of age who had been “battered,” and whose broken bones or cranial injuries could not be adequately or consistently explained. The dramatic image of infants being battered horrified the public. Child protection advocates passed mandatory child abuse reporting laws, with the result that annual child abuse reports have risen in the United States from 10,000 in 1962 to more than 3 and a quarter million in 2002. In the ensuing decades, the child welfare system has been redirected from aiding disadvantaged children to investigating child abuse reports.

Keywords: child welfare system; child abuse reporting; child abuse prevention; battered child

Chapter.  13980 words.  Illustrated.

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