Chapter

South Africa: Addressing the Legacy of Apartheid

LUCY GILSON and DI MCINTYRE

in Challenging Inequities in Health

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780195137408
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199863983 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0014
South Africa: Addressing the Legacy of Apartheid

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This chapter traces the legacy of the apartheid system in South Africa, pointing out draconian social and economic policies and their ramifications for the health of different groups in the population. The high infant mortality level and nearly fivefold disparity in infant mortality rates between richer and poorer ethnic groups in the population are but two of the most obvious health impacts. South Africa is now trying to deal with the legacy of apartheid by developing policies with explicit equity objectives. The chapter takes a critical stance as to whether the government's policies are sufficient to redress the inequities of the past. In particular, it questions the potential impact of the macroeconomic restructuring and what must be done to develop a effective health equity monitoring system for such overarching policies.

Keywords: post-apartheid; South Africa; health equity; monitoring; arpartheid system

Chapter.  9532 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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