Chapter

Muhammad-Baqir al-Sadr: The Search for New Foundations

John Walbridge

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa

Published in print August 2001 | ISBN: 9780195137996
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849055 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0008
Muhammad-Baqir al-Sadr: The Search for New Foundations

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This chapter focuses not on Baqir al-Sadr as scholar of fiqh and usul al-fiqh, but on Baqir al-Sadr the philosopher. Khomeini was also a philosopher, yet Khomeini's influence in this domain has not been felt. Rather, his legalistic and political ideas have survived him. The philosophical ideas of Baqir al-Sadr, on the other hand, have spread beyond the Shiʿism into Sunni communities throughout the world. Baqir al-Sadr engaged Western philosophical ideas, not to discredit them but to challenge them when he saw fit and to incorporate them into his own system when appropriate. Baqir al-Sadr's goals are ultimately religious. He wished to show that religious knowledge was not the antithesis of scientific knowledge, but that the two are actually in the same category, thereby addressing issues of paramount concern to Muslim intellectuals.

Keywords: Shiʿism; Baqir al-Sadr; philosophical ideas; philosopher; Sunni; religious knowledge; scientific knowledge

Chapter.  4993 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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