Chapter

Introduction

Ichiro Kawachi and Lisa F. Berkman

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195138382
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865505 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0001
Introduction

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This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the motivations behind this book, namely, the growing trend of residential segregation, whether by class or race-ethnicity; the emergence of new concepts and methods to analyze neighborhood variations in health; and the launching of new initiatives and studies with neighborhoods as their focus. It then reviews the multilevel evidence on one of the most common health outcomes studies so far—the risk of dying from any cause. Following the overview of the multilevel studies of neighborhood effects on mortality risks, the chapter then discusses a set of emerging conceptual and methodological challenges in neighborhood research.

Keywords: health; neighborhoods; mortality risk; neighborhood research; residential segregation

Chapter.  7037 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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