Chapter

The Quantitative Assessment of Neighborhood Social Environments

Stephen W. Raudenbush

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195138382
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865505 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0005
The Quantitative Assessment of Neighborhood Social Environments

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As interest in the social sciences and public health increasingly turns to the integration of individual, family, and neighborhood processes, a potential mismatch arises in the quality of measures. Standing behind individual measurement are decades of research, producing measures that often have excellent statistical properties. In contrast, much less is known about measures of ecological settings such as neighborhoods, and the methodology needed to evaluate these measures is in its infancy. This chapter aims to adapt tools from psychometrics to improve the quality of ecometric measures. An extension to the approach sketched in the chapter would take into account spatial autocorrelation. Neighborhood clusters have been treated as independent. Ongoing work will build spatial associations into the models presented here.

Keywords: neighborhood research; health effects; public health; ecological settings; psychometrics; spatial autocorrelation

Chapter.  6411 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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