Chapter

Area-Based Deprivation Measures: a U.K. Perspective

David Gordon

in Neighborhoods and Health

Published in print May 2003 | ISBN: 9780195138382
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865505 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195138382.003.0008
Area-Based Deprivation Measures: a U.K. Perspective

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This chapter describes how the practice of measuring poverty at small area level in Britain differs significantly from that in the United States. In Britain deprivation indexes tend to be used, whereas in the United States low-income thresholds are preferred. The key question for health researchers is which is the most significant for studies of ill health and mortality. Studies in the United States have demonstrated that a clear and continuous gradient exists between mortality and income at ZIP code level. Studies in the United Kingdom, however, have also shown high levels of association between deprivation indexes and morbidity and mortality at various geographical levels.

Keywords: public health; United Kingdom; poverty; neighborhood research; deprivation indexes; mortality; income levels

Chapter.  8947 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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