Chapter

Chapter 11

Roger G. Kennedy

in Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780195140552
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199848775 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140552.003.0011
Chapter 11

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Jeffersonian foreign policy differed from Federalist foreign policy in its inclination toward France rather than Britain. There were, however, sectional differences within both parties arising from the presence of the slave economy of the South. Napoleonic France and Jeffersonian America were united in seeking to restore race-based slavery to Haiti and other islands in the West Indies. Thomas Jefferson's quasi-alliance with Napoleon Bonaparte offended the moral precepts of many Federalists, such as Alexander Hamilton. It was also contrary to the economic interests of the merchants of the port cities, who wished to trade with any West Indian, of any color, who had products to exchange with American manufactured goods. In the three years preceding the election of 1800, the struggle to restrict slavery in the North united Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. At the end of the 1790s, the United States and France engaged in what President John Adams called a quasi-war. Albert Gallatin issued his famous Black Speech in which he echoed Jefferson's invocation of fear of blacks.

Keywords: Thomas Jefferson; Federalists; foreign policy; United States; France; Aaron Burr; Alexander Hamilton; John Jay; Albert Gallatin; slavery

Chapter.  4087 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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