Chapter

Chapter 15

Roger G. Kennedy

in Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780195140552
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199848775 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140552.003.0015
Chapter 15

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Along the routes traveled by adventurers such as Aaron Burr, a century of interaction between Europeans and Indians had made commonplace the appearance at treaty conferences of Cherokees and Muskogee chiefs named McQueen, McIntosh, MacGillivray, Ross, and Weatherford. However, there were no chiefs named Jefferson, Randolph, or Skipwith because the Scots, not the English, had a long history of merging clan to clan through marriage. Burr's middle ground, a composite culture of Indians and whites, had been formed during the 18th century around Stockbridge, in the Berkshire Mountains of Massachusetts. After 1770, a new middle ground formed between the Mississippi River and the Appalachians. Burr's experience with Indians was in the North, where the Iroquois Confederacy had broken apart during the Revolutionary War in a civil conflict contemporary to that between Whigs and Tories. Mohawks led by Joseph Brant sided with the British, joined by some Senecas and Cagas and by most of the Onondagas. After the war was over, George Washington and Burr did not form an alliance.

Keywords: Aaron Burr; Indians; Scots; marriage; Cherokees; Muskogee; middle ground; Stockbridge; Joseph Brant; Iroquois Confederacy

Chapter.  3075 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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