Chapter

Chapter 16

Roger G. Kennedy

in Burr, Hamilton, and Jefferson

Published in print September 2000 | ISBN: 9780195140552
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199848775 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140552.003.0016
Chapter 16

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If any king had a steam-powered chariot, it was King Cotton. In the late 1790s, Wade Hampton set up a battery of steam cotton gins on his plantation at Columbia, South Carolina. The lands lying north and east of Fort Miro, known as the Bastrop Tract, are rich with the effluvia of the Bayous Bertholomew and Siard. On July 31, 1806, Aaron Burr inquired of the Bastrop Tract from Albert Gallatin. The Bastrop Tract was to have been divided into yeoman holdings of farm, not plantation, size, in an equivalent to James Oglethorpe's original concept for Georgia. François Louis Hector, baron de Carondelet, formed a racially mixed militia to oppose the Anglo-Americans in Louisiana. After the departure of Carondelet, the slaves went into continuous revolt. President Thomas Jefferson appointed to the governorship of Louisiana a Virginian named William C. C. Claiborne, who immediately disbanded Carondelet's militia and replaced it with a whites-only force, whose task was to keep down the slaves.

Keywords: Aaron Burr; King Cotton; slaves; revolt; François Louis Hector; Louisiana; William C. C. Claiborne; Bastrop Tract; militia; Thomas Jefferson

Chapter.  4565 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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