Chapter

Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780195141566
Published online January 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199872145 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0007
Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

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Epidemiology is the study of determinants of disease in populations, and environmental epidemiology generally concerns the identification of health risks from synthetic chemicals or other exposures resulting from the technologies of modern society. This chapter reviews the key principles of environmental epidemiology, emphasizing some of the methodologic challenges that arise when quantitative exposure or dose data are used in epidemiologic models. Topics discussed include disease in populations, measures of exposure—disease association, diseases that are a result of a web of interacting causes, treatment of time in epidemiologic models, disease process models, and epidemiologic study designs.

Keywords: environmental epidemiology; epidemiologic studies; exposure—disease association; epidemiologic models; disease process

Chapter.  7742 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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