Chapter

<i>Amnesia—Learning about Memory from Memory Loss</i>

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780195141740
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865741 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0004
 Amnesia—Learning about Memory from Memory Loss

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This chapter provides a detailed overview of a patient called H.M., in order to provide a closer perspective on the nature of his amnesia. It explores the distinction between declarative and procedural memory using several examples from the experimental literature on amnesia. H.M. had been severely epileptic for several years. In an effort to alleviate his disorder, the medial temporal lobe area was removed, and the surgery did reduce the frequency of his seizures considerably. However, following the surgery this patient became severely amnesic, and yet showed hardly any other neurological deficits.

Keywords: amnesia; declarative memory; procedural memory; memory disorder; medial temporal lobe

Chapter.  6969 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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