Chapter

<i>Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain</i>

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780195141740
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865741 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0008
 Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain

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This chapter reviews studies on multiple memory systems in the brain. These studies show that the hippocampal region mediates memory for adoption of the “place” strategy in a T-maze and expression of episodic memories in rats, and memory for facts and events in humans. The striatum plays a critical role in the learning of habitual behavioral responses as reflected in the “response” strategy in a T-maze and stimulus-approach learning in the radial maze by rats and in probabilistic cue-response associations in humans. Furthermore, these studies have provided compelling evidence that the amygdala is critical to emotional learning, as reflected in the acquisition of cue preferences in rats and conditioned emotional responses in humans. Across all these experiments, a salient theme is that these different forms of memory, even for the identical learning materials, are mediated largely independently and in parallel.

Keywords: multiple memory; double dissociation; declarative memory; emotional memory; T-maze; expression; stimulus-approach learning

Chapter.  5852 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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