Chapter

Impairment of Interpersonal Social Behavior Caused by Acquired Brain Damage

Hanna Damasio

in Altruism and Altruistic Love

Published in print April 2002 | ISBN: 9780195143584
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199848119 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0024
Impairment of Interpersonal Social Behavior Caused by Acquired Brain Damage

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This chapter describes the causes of the collection of symptoms seen in brain damage in a specific site, most frequently in the mesial and orbital sectors of the prefrontal cortices. Damage elsewhere in the brain does not cause any sort of syndrome. The Gambling Task is an experimental procedure involving a game of cards. The purpose of the game is to keep as much as possible of an amount of money loaned to the participant by the examiner. The importance of learning in the acquisition of adequate social behavior should not lead to the conclusion that the brain begins as a clean slate. Without certain sectors of the prefrontal cortex, empathy, along with other adaptive social behaviors, becomes impaired.

Keywords: brain damage; syndrome; Gambling Task; patient; social behavior; prefrontal cortex

Chapter.  4711 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Psychology

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