Chapter

Milan and Elsewhere in Europe

Peter Manning

in Electronic and Computer Music

Published in print January 2004 | ISBN: 9780195144840
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199849802 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144840.003.0004
Milan and Elsewhere in Europe

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The breaking down of the dogmatic barriers established between the Cologne and the Paris studios was underpinned by the establishment of another important studio at Milan in 1955 by Radio Audizioni Italiane (RAI), co-founded by Luciano Berio and Bruno Maderna. This center, although clearly influenced by the design of the Cologne studio, was created to serve the needs of the Italian schools of composition, reflecting far more catholic tastes than those associated with either of its forebears. The majority of composers thus paid little attention to the philosophical implications of using or avoiding the use of microphones in the production of material, for they were far more interested in the perceived characteristics of sound structures than the formalistic principles by which they were obtained.

Keywords: Radio Audizioni Italiane; Italy; Luciano Berio; Bruno Maderna; composition

Chapter.  2341 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis

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