Chapter

Memory

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind

Published in print April 2002 | ISBN: 9780195144901
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199865642 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0006
 Memory

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This chapter discusses the four types of memory and the brain mechanisms that are important in storing them. These are working memory, declarative memory, procedural memory, and semantic memory. Working memory is a temporary store. To keep information there, the person must actively rehearse the information that is being stored and prevent distraction. Declarative memory stores “what, where, and when” information. Declarative memories may be verbal (e.g., recalling names) or nonverbal (e.g., recalling faces) and old (remote) or new (recent). Verbal declarative and semantic memories are stored in the left hemisphere and visual spatial memories are stored in the right hemisphere. Procedural memories are “how” memories.

Keywords: working memory; declarative memory; procedural memory; semantic memory; types of memory; brain mechanisms; episodic memory; Korsakoff's syndrome; Papez circuit

Chapter.  7169 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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