Chapter

Making Sense of Associations

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

in Making Sense of Data

Third edition

Published in print November 2001 | ISBN: 9780195145250
Published online September 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199864775 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.003.0004
Making Sense of Associations

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The exercises in this section deal with the assessment of associations between variables, with special reference to possible effects of shortcomings in the study methods, the strength and other qualities of the association, its consistency, possible confounding effects, and the appraisal of causality. Specific topics include effects of misclassification, statistical significance and significance tests, methods of appraising the possibility and likely direction of confounding effects, measures of the strength of associations, synergism, the appraisal of associations in stratified data, the use of multivariate analysis (including multiple linear regression, multiple logistic regression analysis, and proportional hazards regression), the use of matched samples, synergism, risk factors and risk markers, and the appraisal of risk markers. A self-test concludes the section.

Keywords: confounding; causality; misclassification; statistical significance; synergism; multivariate analysis; regression analysis; matching; risk factors; risk markers

Chapter.  24407 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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