Rondos and the Type 4 Sonata

James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy

in Elements of Sonata Theory

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780195146400
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199850983 | DOI:
Rondos and the Type 4 Sonata

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Type 4 sonatas comprise a variety of sonata-rondo mixtures, and Type 4 itself is a rondo which has been shaped to be in dialogue with Type 1 and Type 3 sonatas or from other perspectives. In standard practice this usually means that the stark AB juxtapositions of the simpler rondo format are converted into non-repeated expositions and a generally symmetrical recapitulation. Haydn also often treats this Type 4 sonatas freely, sometimes in asymmetrical or recomposed ways that challenge their expected recapitulatory functions. From the 1760s and 1770s onwards, Type 4 sonatas may be found as a typical option for fast finales and slow movements, but, as noted by Malcolm S. Cole, the rondo format was used only rarely as the first movement.

Keywords: rondo; perspective; format; movement; recapitulatory functions; sonatas

Chapter.  29817 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis

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