The Type 5 Sonata

James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy

in Elements of Sonata Theory

Published in print August 2006 | ISBN: 9780195146400
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199850983 | DOI:
The Type 5 Sonata

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The type 5 sonata is a defining feature of many concertos because it combines ritornello formats and procedures passed down from earlier eighteenth century concerto and aria traditions with aspects of sonata form. Tonic-centered is an important extra in the Type 5 sonata that cannot be found in other sonata types. It sets up and then gives way to a solo entry that normally launches a sonata-form-oriented structure. If sonatas in general present us with challenges of understanding, the concerto–sonata combinations typical of later eighteenth-century concerto first movements redouble those challenges by seeding the field of analysis with conceptual and terminological landmines. The first movements of later eighteenth-century concertos are almost invariably built around the Type 5 idea and it also shows up in two of Mozart's concerto finales.

Keywords: concertos; sonatas; analysis; ritornello; sonata form; structure; first movements

Chapter.  21837 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Music Theory and Analysis

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